When we speak of excruciating pain, we do well to look at the etymology of that adjective: ex cruce, “out of the cross.” It is nearly impossible to exaggerate what the Savior suffered on the cross.
Whether the cause of Jesus’ death was asphyxiation, or hypercarbia, or hypovolemic shock, or heart failure, or exsanguination, or total physical exhaustion brought on by tetanic contractions throughout his entire bodyor any combination of these, or any other plausible suggestionthe astounding fact is that Jesus, at the very end, “cried out again with a loud voice.” From a medical perspective, this is surprising. . . .
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