Peter's Sword by Patrick Henry Reardon

As It Is Written . . .

Peter's Sword

by Patrick Henry Reardon

Although the Apostle Peter enthusiastically confessed the identity of Jesus, he was much slower in accepting the message of the Cross. In fact, when Jesus first spoke of his coming Passion, Peter's immediate response was, "Far be it from you, Lord; this shall not happen to you!"

So Jesus, having declared Peter "blessed" for his profession of faith, was obliged—within the span of just a few verses—to tell him, "Get behind me, Satan! You are an offense to me, for you are not mindful of the things of God, but the things of men" (Matt. 16:16–23).

How did Peter accept this reproof? The Gospels do not inform us, in so many words, but a later story indicates that the apostle did not take it very well. At least, the message seems not to have "sunk in." Let me elaborate:

Everyone knows that Peter, during Jesus' trial before the Sanhedrin, denied even knowing him. According to the Gospel records, Peter made this denial three times. I want to suggest, however, that Peter, earlier that same night, had already denied what Jesus stood for. Before explicitly denying Jesus, Peter had already repudiated the message of the Cross.

The episode I have in mind was described by Matthew: "And suddenly, one of those who were with Jesus stretched out his hand and drew his sword, struck the servant of the high priest, and cut off his ear" (Matt. 26:51). This incident at the time of Jesus' arrest was strong evidence that Peter was still "not mindful of the things of God, but the things of men."

Impeding the Faith

Moreover, the story of the severed ear conveys an ironic symbolism: Bearing in mind that "faith comes by hearing" (Rom. 10:17), we are perhaps justified in understanding this man's loss of an ear as a sort of impediment to faith. Peter amputated the very organ through which a human being normally has access to the gospel. That is to say, Peter's assumption of the sword that night, which effectively repudiated the message of the Cross, had the effect of impeding faith.

Peter's task, as an apostle, was to bring people to faith, but it was quite impossible for him to do that if he behaved in a way that impeded access to Christ. Thus, when he swung that sword at the high priest's servant, Peter effectively renounced the ministry for which Christ had
chosen him.

Comparing Peter's action in this scene with his later denial of Jesus in the high priest's courtyard, I am disposed to believe the former sin worse than the latter. After all, when Peter denied Jesus to the servant maid and others, he was acting in weakness; he was afraid. When however, he swung that sword at the head of the high priest's servant, he was acting in arrogance, pride, coercion, and recourse to worldly power.

"Official" Impediment


Patrick Henry Reardon is pastor emeritus of All Saints Antiochian Orthodox Church in Chicago, Illinois, and the author of numerous books, including, most recently, Out of Step with God: Orthodox Christian Reflections on the Book of Numbers (Ancient Faith Publishing, 2019).


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