An apologetic consideration of the Lord’s Resurrection leads logically to the subject of ecclesiology, the institution of the Twelve being the link between the two subjects. We learn about the Resurrection, after all, from the testimony of witnesses, and the Church from the beginning was formed and structured around the testimony and authority of specific men who were the appointed witnesses of the risen Jesus. These men were originally known simply as “the Twelve” (1 Cor. 15:5; John 6:67; 20:24).
Certainly the Lord appeared to others besides these Twelve (cf. 1 Cor. 15:5–8; Matt. 28:9; Mark 16:9–12; Luke 24:13–35; John 20:11–18). Nonetheless, each of the four Gospels concentrates atte . . .