In C. S. Lewis’s Pilgrim’s Regress, the protagonist, a semi-autobiographical Everyman named John, is captured and locked in the dungeon of the Spirit of the Age, a cruel and terrible giant. There he is taught by his Freudian jailers that the deepest, and what he thought holiest, desires of his heart are nothing more than libido-driven wish-fulfillment dreams. After days spent in suicidal despair, he is liberated by Reason, who bargains for his freedom by asking riddles the giant must admit he cannot answer. The influence of the wish-fulfillment doctrine, however, persists even after John leaves the dungeon. He is fully released only after further discourse with Reason, who tells him that the Spirit of the Age w . . .
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