God's Ground Zero

September 11, 2021, marks the twentieth anniversary of the terrorist attacks on the United States of America. Around the globe, 9/11 means different things to different people. To those with anti-American sentiments, it was a well-deserved attack, inflicted by brave suicide bombers. To Americans and many others, it was a treacherous and cowardly attack on innocent citizens from dozens of countries. Almost everyone recalls the vivid images, especially at Ground Zero in New York, but while the images remain the same, they, too, are interpreted differently. The flames of the burning towers incited terror in the victims, but to the terrorists, the flames were glorious gates opening into paradise as a reward for their acts.

Because of such evil in the world as 9/11 displayed, men have always asked probing questions about God's purposes and providence. When an ancient "tower of Siloam" fell, killing innocent people, Jesus was asked to say something about it. The fall of the Twin Towers also naturally elicited questions of God's presence and providence in the face of such human evil. Where was God when the towers fell? There were two signs at Ground Zero, one well known, the other not so well known.

God's House

On September 13, with hopes fading of finding survivors of the attack, rescue workers at the World Trade Center (WTC) managed to recover only three bodies from Ground Zero. Toward evening, Frank Silecchia entered the ruins of WTC Building 6, on the edge of the massive, smoldering pit of destruction. Only eight stories tall, Building 6 had been gutted by the collapse of the North Tower, while three exterior walls remained, creating an eerie-looking amphitheater or "cathedral," as some witnesses called it. Inside, Silecchia saw a 17-foot iron I-and-H-beam cross standing nearly upright in the ruins, open to the sky, with one of its arms wrapped in twisted sheet metal, reminiscent of the cloth often placed on crosses on Good Friday. "It dropped me to my knees in tears," he recalled.

Silecchia painted the words "God's House" on one of Building 6's concrete walls, and the word of the cross spread. On October 3, workmen cut the cross from its mooring in the concrete foundation (it had not fallen into place). The next day, they anchored it onto the top of the retaining wall of an elevated walkway nearby. Thus elevated, it could easily be seen by many. From then until the end of May 2002, a service was held every Sunday at 10:30 at the "Ground Zero Cross," which had become a place of prayer and spiritual consolation for many. The cross is now housed in the National September 11 Memorial & Museum.

On the evening on which the cross was discovered, many churches in the U.S. had just observed Vespers for the Feast of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross. This feast has been celebrated on September 14 since the fourth century and begins with Vespers the evening before. Was it merely a coincidence that at Ground Zero, a large cross, the quintessential sign of Christ's salvation of mankind, was discovered on the very day on which the Holy Cross is honored?

To future skeptical generations, will the discovery of an upright cross in the ruins of the World Trade Center on the Feast of the Holy Cross sound like a medieval miracle tale of the sort we routinely attribute to pious imaginations? Perhaps like the tale of Constantine's mother, Helena, finding the True Cross buried in the ground in Jerusalem in 326? Will future scholars conclude that the Legend of the Ground Zero Cross was a pious fiction created to help people cope with terror-induced trauma? Perhaps; yet it really happened—an iron cross not only was discovered standing in the ruins of the World Trade Center, but it was discovered on the Feast of the Holy Cross.

A Second Discovery

The cross was not the only spiritually suggestive discovery at Ground Zero. There was also a photograph taken on January 31, 2002. Gary Suson, with official approval, began taking pictures at Ground Zero on 9/11 and didn't stop until May 2002. As firemen, policemen, paramedics, sanitation workers, ironworkers, and crane operators searched first for survivors, then for human remains, Suson photographed these rugged miners of the dead at work, at rest, at prayer, and occasionally in attentive silence as stretchers draped with flags covering human remains were solemnly borne out of the pit during those long months.

"The pile," as the rescuers called it, was a massive burial pit. The rescuers searched day and night for months, digging through mountains of debris for human remains, hoisting five-gallon cans of material to be sifted for body fragments. Of the 1,859 victims, only 292 bodies were found intact. Nearly 20,000 pieces of bodies were removed. Of those, roughly half were identified with 1,600 of the victims. No traces of the other victims have ever been found.

Suson later wrote, "The things I was seeing were too much to bear. I am not trained for wartime photography and the sights that go along with it. This was a war zone and it was taking its emotional toll on me." On January 31, 2002, midway through his grim season working the pit, while scouting for items that might speak to future viewers of his photographic record, Suson's eyes were drawn to a bunch of charred papers sticking out from a dangerously steep incline of debris. He photographed them and then removed the top paper. Underneath was a section of "charred pages from a Bible." Before he could examine them, he was summoned to a recovery in process. Before leaving, he quickly leaned over and snapped two more photos.
That night, the Bible pages were swept away in a huge rainstorm, never to be seen again—but the exposed page had been captured on film. The next day, Suson reviewed his proofs of the vanished Bible pages. On the first page, he saw a black chapter number "11" in the right-hand column, a typographical symbol of the twin towers and a mirror of the 11 in 9/11. This and the words right above the "11" stunned him—a bold heading announcing the eleventh chapter of Genesis: "The Tower of Babylon."

Suson later wrote that he took the "symbolism of the '11' and the 'Tower' as a positive sign that God was watching over the victims in their last moments, and that He was also watching over this hallowed ground during the recovery efforts." The image gave him hope: "Finding the Genesis 11 Bible page gave me the strength to continue with my duties." Another man might have seen this reflection of ancient Babel as a distant mirror of the Twin Towers, a sign of divine judgment against the hubris of modern man. Perhaps it was both a sign of judgment and of God's awareness and providence. He judges because he loves mankind.

Babel & Calvary

Neither Gary Suson nor Frank Silecchia was looking for what each of them found. They were simply looking to do their jobs in the pit. The signs they received came not from within themselves but from without. The past stepped forward and spoke. The story of the Tower of Babel comes from near the dawn of civilization and speaks of the judgment of God. And the Holy Cross, as celebrated on September 14, commemorates not only the discovery of the Cross in Jerusalem by Helena, but also, and principally, the world-changing crucifixion of Jesus of Nazareth "under Pontius Pilate."

The cross discovered at Ground Zero was not simply a crossbeam but the Christian cross, a symbol of the Cross on which Jesus died to redeem us. In a sense, the cross at Ground Zero brought Christ the Savior into the pit, and it was to Christ that many who gathered at the cross during the rescue efforts prayed.

Babel and Calvary were both seen at Ground Zero, for they belong together. Babel is the story of man elevating himself in pride to reach God. Calvary is the story of God descending in humility to reach man. Calvary is the reversal of Babel and its correction, in that Christ was elevated upon the Cross and would draw all men to himself, a proper and godly unity of mankind in God, not in human pride. After Christ's Ascension, he poured out the Holy Spirit upon men in tongues of fire, uniting all men in one "new nation," a reversal of the confusion of tongues at Babel. But Calvary was also a sign of judgment, a judgment against the sin of man, as well as its remedy.

God's word of judgment against the pride of man pervades the Bible, from Genesis through the Psalms to the Revelation of John. The divine offer of love and salvation for man likewise runs throughout the Scriptures. In this sense, the signs discerned at Ground Zero about the greater meaning of 9/11 are nothing new; they symbolize both the judgment and the mercy of God. Christ's response to inquirers about the fall of the Tower of Siloam still stands as the ground zero for his own preaching of the gospel: "Unless you repent, you will likewise perish." For the kingdom of heaven is still at hand.

For a brief season after 9/11, many people were motivated to attend church services, perhaps even to repent. While some may have found new faith, it is apparent, twenty years later, that for most, any reawakening via 9/11 was short-lived. Business as usual resumed.

The enduring lessons of 9/11 are not political or cultural but remain what such events have always been: reminders that God will judge mankind. Such reminders should be both discomfiting and comforting. His promise to judge the wicked is a consoling sign of both his ongoing presence and his steadfast love, the font of his determination to save us from the pit of destruction, but only by the power of his Cross, our anchor of hope and the ground zero of both divine judgment and divine mercy. 

—Rev. Steve Lee, a chaplain at Ground Zero, kindly confirmed to me some details about the WTC Cross. Frank Silecchia's testimony can be seen at youtube.com/watch?v=skff62oQlDg. Gary Suson's Genesis 11 photo is in his book, Requiem: Images of Ground Zero (Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), p. 108.

James M. Kushiner is the Executive Editor of Touchstone.


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