Stephen H. Webb on the Primacy of the Word Made Auditory
Voices, by which I mean their audible texture, pressured waves moistened by mouths and propelled by the diaphragm through the air, are as easily lost in time as they are in space. There is no medium through which we can hear the distant past, so we are stuck with the written word to try to figure out what stirred our ancestors' ears. As a result, the soundscapes of the past are silent places. The Gospels say more about what Jesus sounded like than what he looked like—he spoke as one with authority and his voice raised the dead—yet churches have paintings and sculptures of him, not audio samples of what he might have sounded like. The past is not just a foreign country; it is also the land of the mute.
Fortunately, the acoustical limits to our understanding of the unrecorded past are not fixed and immovable. Scientists working in the field of archaeoacoustics have discovered that many ancient sites, from Stonehenge to the Mayan pyramids, were designed to produce amazing sound effects. Paleolithic painted caves, it turns out, have much in common with Romanesque chapels. Stones can't speak, but their acoustical properties tell us that the ancients lived in a richer sonic world than we ever suspected. A few maverick scientists even dream of resurrecting ancient sounds by playing clay vessels as if they are dusty vinyl records. The idea is that vibrations, embossed and preserved on a wet surface, can be transcribed and decoded by sophisticated software. Jesus knew about clay (he made his own according to John 9:11), but it is unlikely that we will ever be able to eavesdrop on one of his conversations inadvertently recorded by a potter's wheel on the grooves of a pot. Many have heard Jesus speak in dreams and visions, but the rest of us overhear him in the words spoken and sung in rituals, prayers, and sermons.
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Stephen H. Webb is Professor of Religion and Philosophy at Wabash College. His latest book is The Divine Voice: Christian Proclamation and the Theology of Sound(Brazos Press). He, his wife, and their three children are members of the Lutheran Church (ELCA).
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