Signs of Intelligence
A Primer on the Discernment of Intelligent Design
by William A. Dembski
Intelligent design examines the distinction between three modes of explanation: necessity, chance, and design. In our workaday lives we find it important to distinguish between these modes of explanation. Did she fall or was she pushed? And if she fell, was it simply bad luck or was her fall unavoidable? More generally, given an event, object, or structure, we want to know:
1. Did it have to happen?
2. Did it happen by accident?
3. Did an intelligent agent cause it to happen?
Given an event to be explained, the first thing to determine is whether it had to . . .